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Sun Protection Ingredients for Daily SPF 15

Understanding the active ingredients in sunscreen is a bit like learning a foreign language that uses a different alphabet. Suffice it to say in short that sunscreens are made up of a combination of two types of ingredients: those that reflect ultraviolet (UV) rays and those that absorb UV rays. Although that might sound simple enough, there are also two types of rays: UVA rays and UVB rays. UVB causes sunburn at the outer layers of skin, but UVA causes sun damage that reach deeper layers of skin. Both UVA and UVB radiation can contribute to the development of serious health conditions. 

The SPF (Sun Protection Factor) scale is not linear: SPF 15 blocks 93% of UVB rays. Although our products are great protection against sun UVB/UVA rays, it is more for everyday use, rather than a replacement for a sunscreen.

Octinoxate 7%

Octinoxate has a solid record of safety (decades of research and thousands of studies establishing its safety in sunscreens as indisputable). There are no studies that demonstrate octinoxate, when and as used in SPF products, is harmful. In the sole studies cited when such claims are made, the conditions are completely inapplicable to how sunscreen ingredients are used in skincare products. For example, such “studies” use extremely high concentrations of octinoxate (much higher than would ever be used in sunscreens) or even fed to lab animals.

Octisalate 5%

Octisalate (octyl salicylate) is an organic compound (colorless liquid with an oily consistency and a slight floral fragrance) that is used to absorb UVB rays and also add water-resistant properties to the formula. It is not a particularly strong absorbent, so it usually appears along with other ingredients. Octisalate degrades when exposed to sunlight, which means it needs to be reapplied frequently. The FDA has determined that the levels used in cosmetic and beauty products would not cause any adverse reaction and has approved octisalate for use in sunscreen with up to 5% concentration . Keep in mind that a sunscreen’s Sun Protection Factor (SPF) is a gauge of how well the formula protects the skin from UVB rays. It does not gauge protection from UVA rays.

Homosalate 3%

FDA-approved sunscreen active ingredient that provides primarily UVB protection. Its UVA range is very narrow, and so it is not used alone in sunscreens. Homosalate is internationally approved for use in sunscreens, up to a maximum concentration of 15%. It’s considered non-sensitizing, and is most often seen in sunscreens rated SPF 30 and greater.

5 Plant Based Botanicals

The formula is enriched with 5 Plant Based botanicals specifically chosen to ensure the best natural hydration for delicate skin. These include Arnica Flower, Yarrow, Chamomile, Aloe Vera, and Comfrey. 

The formula, when compared to other cosmetic hydrators such as glycerol, offers 6 X the hydrating factor. 

Other Important Ingredients:

 Deionized water (Aqua)
(purified water/demineralized water): 

Pure and extremely soluble, leaving much less drying residue than water used in other products. Deionized water is water that lacks ions, such as cations (positive charged ions) from sodium, calcium, iron, copper and anions (negatively charged ions) such as chloride and bromide. This means it has been purified from most ions. This type of water is produced using an ion exchange process.

Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Extract: 

Long known for its healing and moisturizing properties as a dry skin moisturizer. Aloe Vera has a long history as a safe and effective medicine and skin care aid that has traditionally been used to treat various skin conditions, including psoriasis, eczema, inflammation, burns and wounds. A great dry skin moisturizer, it helps keep your skin supple by bringing oxygen to the cells, increasing the strength of skin tissue.

Cyclopentasiloxane: 

A non-toxic silicone known for waterproofing and lubricating qualities. Leaves skin silky-smooth and is a great dry skin remedy. Cyclopentasiloxane is a colorless, odorless, transparent, non-greasy and non-toxic silicone fluid. One of the many types of silicones known for the ability to lubricate and waterproof, water-thin. Cyclopentasiloxane helps spread heavier silicones and is often used in combination with Dimethicone.

Methyl Gluceth-20 (Glucose Moisturizer):  

A natural ingredient that retains moisture and improves hydration and helps to rejuvenate skin. Glucose is a natural component of the stratum corneum layers of skin that binds water and hydrates your skin. Glucose moisturizers, including Methyl gluceth-10 and -20, are water-soluble emollients (allow oil and water to mix), humectants (water retention) and moisturizers derived naturally from corn sugar and cornstarch.

Chondrus Crispus (Carrageenan): 

Carrageen / Irish Moss – Chondrus crispus – has long been known for its gelling properties and it is the source of Carrageenan – which is commonly used as a thickener and stabilizer in milk products, i.e. ice cream and other dairy products. Carrageenan uses are so diverse, you have probably consumed it without knowing it. It is used in various foodstuffs, toothpaste and creams and lotions.

Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E): 

Protects cell membranes, diminishes negative effects of pollutants, making it a great ingredient as a dry skin treatment

Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant* that helps your body to protect cell membranes and other fat-soluble parts of the body. It may also be beneficial for slowing the aging of cells (getting rid of wrinkles) and tissues, protecting from frostbite and other cold-induced injuries, diminishing the negative effects of environmental pollutants, improving anemia, speeding wound and burn healing, reducing scarring.

Sorbitan Oleate: 

Sorbitan Oleate is the monoester of oleic acid (a source of omegas) and hexitol anhydrides derived from sorbitol (often used as a humectant). It is used in a variety of formulas used in the cosmetic industry, including skin care products, skin cleansing products, moisturizers, eye makeup and other makeup, according to RealSelf.com. It is primarily used as an emulsifier, and is especially suited formulations containing vegetable oils. It is considered a good co-emulsifier for lotions and other emulsions.

Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer: 

A non-toxic thickening agent that enhances the pleasing feel of the lotion. Helps it glide on smoothly, making it a really great dry skin creamAcrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer is a non-toxic thickener suitable for use in formulations, which demand superior appearance, exceptional clarity, smooth flow (shear-thinning) and suspending or stabilizing properties. It delivers effective performance across a broad pH range, with greatest viscosity efficiency at pH 5.0. This, along with broad compatibility with typically used cosmetic ingredients, makes the polymer ideal for use in hair and skin care applications. The polymer imparts a light, cushiony feel in applications, helping to promote an enhanced tactile experience in use.

1,2 Hexanediol: 

One of two ingredients in our proprietary, extremely effective humectant which makes Skin MD Natural Shielding Lotion™ the best lotion for dry skin.

Butylene Glycol: 

Organic ingredient that makes our product extremely soluble. Butylene glycol is a non-toxic, hypo-allergenic organic humectant and solubilizer used in cosmetic and food preparations. Its safety and usage has been well documented and approved by such agencies as the US FDA, the US EPA, and the CTFA. Butylene glycol is not a skin sensitizer, is not considered a skin irritant and is the safest of a class of chemicals called solubilizers.

Caprylyl Glycol: 

The companion to 1,2 Hexanediol in our humectant. Skin MD Natural™ contains a proprietary formulation, consisting of 1,2 Hexanediol and Caprylyl Glycol, which is probably the most effective humectant* available today. It is naturally derived from coconut and has the unique property of protecting against microbial growth from bacteria and yeast while giving the finished product exceptional feel, making it a superior dry skin cream.

Phenoxyethanol: 

A safe antiseptic and anti-microbial preservative, which helps to treat dry skin. Phenoxyethanol is an organic chemical compound, known as a glycol ether. One of the most widely used safe and effective preservatives in dermatological products such as skin creams, it also works as a topical antiseptic, providing a broad spectrum anti-microbial activity against either gram-negative or gram-positive bacteria, yeasts and molds.

Butylene Glycol: 

Organic ingredient that makes our product extremely soluble.

Butylene glycol is a non-toxic, hypo-allergenic organic humectant and solubilizer used in cosmetic and food preparations. Its safety and usage has been well documented and approved by such agencies as the US FDA, the US EPA, and the CTFA. Butylene glycol is not a skin sensitizer, is not considered a skin irritant and is the safest of a class of chemicals called solubilizers.